A Simple Guide to CBD Terminology

Have you ever thought of learning more about CBD before consuming it or even starting a CBD company but got scared off by all the terminologies? Following is a glossary that explains CBD terminology:

Anandamide: A fatty acid neurotransmitter that was the first endocannabinoid to be discovered. It helps bind cannabinoid receptors. It plays a role in the regulation of pleasure, motivation, memory, and more.

Broad Spectrum CBD: One of the main forms of CBD oil that have been extracted from the hemp plant, it contains various natural compounds other than THC. On the other hand, fill spectrum CBD does contain THC.

Cannabidiol: The scientific name for CBD

Cannabinoid: One of over 500 compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant. There are over 114 cannabinoids found in cannabis, the most common cannabinoids are CBD and THC.

Cannabinoid Receptors: G-protein-coupled receptors that are located throughout the body. Receptors are involved in various processes including appetite, pain-sensation, mood, and memory. There are two cannabinoid receptors-CB1 and CB2 receptors.

CB1 Receptor: Mainly found in the central nervous system and brain. The primary role of the CB1 receptor is to regulate the release of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin.

CB2 Receptor: Mainly found in cells and tissues of the immune system. The primary role of the CB2 receptor is to maintain immune function and regulate inflammation.

Cannabis: Cannabis is a genus of plants in the Cannabaceae family. Hemp and marijuana are species of cannabis, also known as Cannabis Sativa.

CBD Isolate: A form of CBD, CBD isolates do not contain THC, it is a crystalline solid or powder comprising 99.9% pure CBD.

Certificate of Analysis (COA): COA is a report prepared by a third- party that is required by the government. Customers can find information such as cannabinoid content, terpene profile, and potential contaminants in CBD products.

Endocannabinoids: Endocannabinoid is similar to cannabinoid, it is produced naturally by our body even we are not taking any cannabis products. It carries signals between nerve cells and helps our body functions work smoothly. The two main identified endocannabinoids are:

  • Anandamide (AEA)

  • 2-Arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG)

Endocannabinoid System: The Endocannabinoid system is like a network that helps balance the human body as well as immune competence. So far, we know that ECS is vital for our sleep, mood, appetite, memory, reproduction, fertility, and more. The imbalanced ECS might cause some skin diseases.

Entourage Effect: Full effects of CBD are realized when the cannabinoid works with other cannabis compounds such as cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids.

Full Spectrum CBD: Contains all components of the cannabis plant. As a result, full-spectrum CBD has a traceable amount of THC (legal amount <0.3%). This amount of THC is generally not enough to create a "high" feeling. It also contains compounds such as terpenes, flavonoids, and essential fatty acids.

Hemp: A type of cannabis Sativa plant species that has been cultivated worldwide for thousands of years. Hemp contains a variety of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavanoids.

Non-Psychoactive: Not able to produce a "high" effect. Will not affect mind or mental processes.

Potency: The strength of CBD oil. The higher the potency of a CBD product, the more CBD it contains.

Terpenes: This is another compound found in cannabis,it was suggested to contribute to the entourage effect. It gives different strains of cannabis their unique smell and flavor.

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